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Ôn tập cuối năm - Phần 1

 - Người đăng: Bùi Thị Ngần  Xem: 1273 


Ôn tập về đại từ quan hệ

Unit 8 : Celebrations

A. Grammar.

I. Relative clauses - Mệnh đề quan hệ

Mệnh đề quan hệ hay còn được gọi là mệnh đề tính ngữ, vì nó dùng để bổ nghĩa hay nói về danh từ chỉ người, vật đứng trước nó. Mệnh đề quan hệ thường bắt đầu bằng một đại từ quan hệ

1. Đại từ quan hệ: (relative pronouns): gồm có đại từ quan hệ chỉ người - Who, Whom, That. Và đại từ quan hệ chỉ vật - WHICH

- Who: là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người, nó bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ người đứng vế trước và làm chủ ngữ cho mệnh đề đứng ở vế sau

         Eg: I know a lot of people. They live in Ho Chi Minh city.

                                   -->  I know a lot of people who live in HCM city.

          Eg:  The boy is my son. He is in red hat                

                    --> The boy who is  in red hat is my son

- Whom: là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người, nó bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ vât đứng ở vế trước và nó làm chủ ngữ cho mệnh đề sau

Eg: This is  the girl. You wanted to meet her last week.

-->  This is the girl who you wanted to meet last week.

- Which: là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người, nó bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ vật đứng ở vế trước và chủ ngữ cho mệnh đề sau

Eg: I lost the pen. It is red.

--> I lost the pen which is red

- Which :là đại từ quan hệ chỉ người, nó bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ người đứng ở vế trước và tân ngữ cho mệnh đề sau

Eg: The book  is for reference. I bought it 2 years ago.

-->  This book which I bought for 2 years ago is for reference

2. Đại từ quan hệ sở hữu - Whose.là đại từ quan hệ sở hữu nó bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ người ở vế trước và tính từ sở hữu của mệnh đề sau

Eg: The girl is very beautiful. Her dress is red.

-->  The girl WHOSE dress is red is beautiful

3. Trạng từ quan hệ: Where / When

- WHERE: là trạng từ quan hệ chỉ nơi chốn, nó bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ nơi chốn ở mệnh đề trước và nó làm trạng ngữ chỉ nơi chốn ở mệnh đề sau.

Eg: Kim Lien is the village . Uncle was born in this village.

-->  Kim Lien is the village WHERE Uncle Ho was born

- WHEN: là trạng từ quan hệ chỉ thời gian nó bổ nghĩa cho danh từ chỉ thời gian ở vế trước và làm trạng ngữ chỉ nơi trốn của mệnh đề sau.

Eg: Lunar New Year is the days. Family member gather on that days

 --> Lunar New Year is the days WHEN family member gather

II. Other forms:

7. Making suggestions:                     

S +   suggest  + V-(ing) + ...

                        S1 +  suggest + (that) + S2 + should + V(infinitive) +...         

8. Adverbs clauses of concession:     although/ though/ even though  : mÆc dï (chØ sù nh­îng bé)

                        Eg  He went to school although/ though/ even though he was tired.

 

B. Exercises

EX1 Fill in the blank  with : WHO, WHOM, WHICH, WHERE, WHEN, WHOSE

1. What is the name of the girl …………… is wearing a white blouse?

2. I don’t like food……………… is very spicy.

3. Do you see the girl ………………… you told me last night?

4. Last week, I return to my home village………………… I was born.

5. I never forget the day …………………….. you gave me s surprise birthday party.

6. He is the man…………. friends always trust him.

7. The hotel ……………… we stayed wasn’t very clean.

8. Is there any thing…………………. I can do?

9. The girl ……………………. eyes are blue is Miss Lan.

10. I enjoy reading the book…………………… my mother gave me on my last birthday.

EX2. Rewrite the sentences, using “ Relative Clauses”

1.This is the student. I talked to him last night .

 ............................................................................................................................

2.She is taking about the girl .The girl learn with her daughter.

 ............................................................................................................................

3.The lion tamer is rather tall .Her hair is black.

 ............................................................................................................................

4.The chair was broken .My father used to on it .

 ............................................................................................................................

5.Christmas Day is the day .We often have festivals on it .

 ............................................................................................................................

6.The schoolyard was in bad condition. We used to play on it .

 ............................................................................................................................

EX3 Use the relative pronouns to combine these sentences :

1.They are talking about the clowns .The clowns made them excited.   ......................................................................................................

2.I was sitting on the chair .It suddenly collapsed.......................................................................................................................................

3.The city was beautiful .We spent our holidays  there.................................................................................................................................

4.May Day is the day .We will come on that day................................................................................................................................

5.I saw some houses .Most of them were still good ...............................................................................................................................

6.You never tell me the thing . You know it ...............................................................................................................................

7.The car was broken down. The roof of the car was damaged.................................................................................................................

8.Do you know her ? The girl is sitting behind me . .................................................................................................................

EX4. Choose the best answer :

  • She feels tired and sleepy .............................. (so/ because/ but/ and) she stayed up late watching TV, last night.
  • William suggested .............................. (to stay/ staying/ stay/ stayed) at home for a change.
  • What about .............................. (to go/ go/ going/ have gone) for a ride?
  • Can you turn .............................. (on/ off/ in/ for) the light? It’s too dark.
  • If it is raining this evening, I .............................. (will go out/ don’t go out/ go out/ won’t go out).
  • The baby .............................. (laughed happy/ happily laughs/ laughed happily/ happy laughed) as she played with her toy.
  • Who is going to .............................. (look for/ look up/ look after/ look out) your children when you are at work?
  • Mary’s eyes are weak..............................  (but/ however/ and/ therefore), she has to wear classes.
  • (Why don’t we/ I suggest/ How about/ Let’s) ..............................put all the guests on the first floor?
  • I am very tired .............................. (so/ because/ but/ and) I have to finish my homework before going to bed.
  • She missed the train .............................. (so/ because/ but/ and), she went to work late.
  • Lan suggested .............................. (to go/ going/ go/ went) out.
  • Let’s .............................. (to go/ go/ going/ have gone) for a ride.
  • Can you turn .............................. (on/ off/ in/ for) the TV? I want to see the film .
  • If it is raining tomorrow, I .............................. (will stay/ don’t stay/ stay/ won’t stay) at home.
  • The baby .............................. (cried loud/ loudly cried/ cried loudly/ loud cried) as Ba picked her up.
  • Who is going to .............................. (look for/ look up/ look after/ look out) your house when you are out?
  • I was tired .............................. (but/ however/ and/ therefore), I went to bed.
  • (Why don’t we/ I suggest/ How about/ Let’s) ..............................putting all the guests on the first floor?
  • Lan is very tired (..............................so/ because/ but/ and) she has to finish my homework before going out.
  • Our teacher asked us .............................. ( to work / work / working ) hard for the exams .
  • .We should .............................. (select /destroy / recycle / produce ) waste paper to save money and labor .
  • They were amused .............................. ( in / at/ about / with  ) the T.V programs ,last night .
  • Oliver Twist and other boys in the orphanage were .............................. ( well-educated / well-treated /ill-treated ) .
  • Oliver Twist was.............................. ( happy/ unhappy / beloved ) that he ran away to London.
  • Read and answer:

       In many secondary schools in Britain, wearing uniform is compulsory. Many schools say that there are many disadvantages to this system. Most students don’t like school uniform. They say that they don’t have a chance to change their clothes. The main reason why most students don’t like school uniform is because most schools choose such colors and styles that don’t suit young people at all.

  • Is wearing uniform in many secondary schools in Britain compulsory or optional?
  •    ………………………………………………………………………………….

  • Do most students like school uniform?
  •   ………………………………………………………………………………….

  • What do they say?
  •   ………………………………………………………………………………….

  • Why do most students dislike school uniform?
  •  ………………………………………………………………………………….

    EX6  Use the words in the box to fill in the blanks :2

    books, reading , research, small, developing , love,  , reference, library cards ,library

         My friend's mother works in the (1).................... in my school .It's rather (2)...................but well-equipped. So, she's busy all the day long. She always stands at her desk and is ready to help those who come there to read or to do (3)..............................After receiving the readers' (4) ................................., she helps them to use the card-catalogue and find the (5) .............................. they want to borrow. She always feels happy to satisfy all the readers' needs because she thinks the  books are helpful in (6) ........................................ the children’s intelligence and creating their (7)......................   for (8)................................. .

    EX7- Choose A, B, C, D to complete the passage:1,5

         These days it is impossible to open a newspaper without reading about the damage we are doing to the environment. The earth is being polluted (1)………the future looked bad. (2)……..can each of us do?

          We cannot clean up our polluted rivers and seas overnight. Nor we can stop the (3)…………….. of plants and animals. But we can stop adding to the problem while scientists look for the answers.

         It may not be easy to change your lifestyle (4)……………….but some steps are easy to take: cut down the amount of driving you do, or use as little plastic as possible. It is also easy to save (5)……………., which also reduces the household bills. We must all make a personal decision to work for the future of our earth if we want to ensure a better world (6)…………our grandchildren.

     

    1. A. and

    B. however

    C. so

    D. moreover

     

    2. A. where

    B. when

    C. why

    D. what

     

    3. A. appear

    B. appearance

    C. disappear

    D. disappearance

     

    4. A. complete

    B. completeness

    C. completely

    D. to complete

     

    5. A. coffee

    B. energy

    C. money

    D. health

     

    6. A. from

    B. for

    C. to

    D. in

     

    EX8 - Fill in the gap withsuitable word in the box

     

                 farming   destroying    serious    cooperation (su hop tac)        important    fast

     

     

               

       Nowadays, people are destroying rain forests of the earth (17) ................ It is estimated that every year 100,000 square kilometers of rain forests are destroyed for the supply of wood paper and fuel as well as for the (18)........... land. Rain forests are very   (19)..............for the world climate .They receive the rainfall on the earth and produce a large amount of the world’s oxygen. (20) ............ rain forests, therefore, is destroying our environment . Saving rain forests is an (21) .............problem. Nations need (22) ....... To save rain forests, if not it will be late.

    EX9- Read the passage and choose the best answers: (2pts)

    People from North America and Europe are interested in saving natural (21)____________________. As the world’s energy resources (coal, gas, and oil) (22)____________________limited, they try not to waste them. Like foodstuff, water and electricity are (23)____________________in people’s lives, (24)____________________they are used economically in most households. Nowadays, most (25)___________________bulbs are replaced with energy-saving ones. As a result, a lot of electricity is (26)____________________, and the costs of the electricity (27)___________________are reduced. When buying a new appliance, consumers are often interested (28)____________________knowing how energy-efficient each model is.

    21.        A. beauty                   B. environnent               C. sources                    D. ressources

    22.        A. is                          B. are                           C. has                          D. have

    23.        A. necessities                        B. luxuries                     C. resources                 D. appliances

    24.        A. and                      B. because                    C. but                           D. so

    25.        A. light                      B. standard                   C. saving                      D. cheap

    26.        A. used                     B. spent                        C. saved                       D. wasted

    27.        A. bills                       B. accounts                   C. wastes                     D. counters

    28.        A. at                          B. of                             C. in                             D. about

    EX10.   Read the following passage and decide if the following statements are true (T) or false (F). (2 points)

    There are many celebrations throughout the year in Viet Nam, but Tet or the Lunar New Year is the most important celebration for Vietnamese people. Tet usually occurs in late January or early February. A few days before Tet is the time for people to clean and decorate their homes. During Tet, people, old and young, enjoyed special food cooked on the occasion of Tet. It is also the time for family members to be together.

     

    T

    F

    1. The Lunar New Year is another name for Tet

     

    2. Tet usually begins in early January

     

    3. People often make their houses nice and new for Tet.    

     

    4. Tet is the time for family reunions

     

     

    EX11. Correct the tense and form of the verbs.

    My uncle (be)  …………(1)…….. an engineer. He (be) …………(2)…….. an engineer for 15 years. He now (work) …………(3)……..  in a factory in Binh Duong. He like (play) …………(4)…….. football. He (go )  …………(5)…….. to play football once a week at an amateur football club in the town. Last month he (go) …………(6)…….. to Singapore. He (stay ) …………(7)……..  in a hotel by the sea and (swim ) …………(8)…….. a lot. Since he (return) …………(9)…….. home, I (not see) …………(10)…….. him but I hear H (travel) …………(11)…….. to France next week. I hope to meet him soon

     

    EX12: Each of the sentence has a mistake. Find and correct it.

    1. If she will come this afternoon, we’ll take her to the Water Park. ………………………………………………………………

    2. He might staying at home today because he isn’t very well. ………………………………………………………………

    3. The boy which he met you yesterday in my closest friend. ………………………………………………………………

    4. Linh didn’t send me any postcard since she went on holiday. ………………………………………………………………

    5. My teacher suggested to give lessons to poor children ………………………………………………………………

     

     

      

     


     
     

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